Mong’s New Year festival starts from November 26 of lunar calendar and often lasts for 10 days. Everyone wears their best clothes and join in the exciting atmosphere of the New Year. Mong people in Can Chu Phin commune, Meo Vac district, Ha Giang province seems to be busier on the last days of the year to prepare for the New Year. After a hard-working year, the people spend 10 days relaxing. New Year atmosphere can be felt at the weekend markets. The places are crowded with many sellers and buyers.
The fire dance is held in the end of the year and early spring. For the red Dao people, fire is not only the image of cozy and the success harvest but also the prayer ceremony for avoiding demons and diseases.
Held in spring, from 1st to 15th January of lunar calendar, on low hill with quite level topography. The ceremony consists of distinct two parts but has closely relationship. The first can not held mentioning its Gau Tao ceremony to pray for happiness and fortune. The second is the Mong’s custom.
Considered to be the most important of the traditional dances, the dance performed as part of the Cap Sac (coming-of-age) ceremony is richly layered.
The Dao is called by different names such as, Kem Mien, Ku Mien, Man, etc. “Le Cap Sac” of Dao people in Quan Ba is one of the festival reflecting clearly the cultural features of this ethnic minority. “le Cap Sac” is nescessary for the men of Dao ethnic group. It is similar to thanh dinh ceremony of the Mong people which marks the maturity of a man in a family.